It might be hard to believe that a woman’s extraordinary sense of smell could be the foundation for a test to diagnose Parkinson’s disease, or that a drug addict taking a synthetic heroin was the basis for much of what we now know about the condition. But reality is often stranger than fiction, an adage that holds true when it comes to Parkinson’s and the research being performed. In this article, we look at four little-known facts about Parkinson’s, the significance they have had, and how they continue to shape the way scientists research the disease.
Parkinson’s disease affects people from all walks of life, including those in the limelight. Here’s how luminaries cope with this condition.
Parkinson’s disease, a chronic, progressive movement disorder characterized by tremors and stiffness, is not considered a fatal disease in and of itself, though it may reduce life expectancy by a modest amount. It is often said that people die “with” Parkinson’s rather than “of” the disease.
“People who are healthy when diagnosed will generally live about as long as other people in their age cohort,” said James Beck, the vice president for scientific affairs at the Parkinson’s Disease Foundation, which is involved in research, education and advocacy. “It is not a death sentence.”
Since Parkinson’s generally affects people later in life — patients are typically given a diagnosis in their 60s — patients often die of unrelated age-related diseases like cancer, heart disease or stroke. But the most common cause of death in those with Parkinson’s is pneumonia, because the disease impairs patients’ ability to swallow, putting them at risk for inhaling or aspirating food or liquids into their lungs, leading to aspiration pneumonia.
- Narcissists are attracted to certain types of people.
- Rather than weak, vulnerable people, they tend to go for the strong-willed and talented.
- This is because they see it as a challenge, and they will find more entertainment in taking down someone impressive.
- They are also attracted to people who reflect well on themselves — they like to show off their partner in public, but abuse them behind the scenes.
- Ultimately, it’s all about control.
Being in a relationship with a narcissist is hard work. Even if things appear to be going well, there’s no telling what’s going to set off their narcissistic rage.
They may not always mean to hurt their partners, but more often than not, they do. It’s up to you to decide if you’re willing to take the risk, or try and make the relationship work. Just bear in mind it’ll be emotionally draining, and you may end up getting discarded anyway.
A common misconception is that narcissists go for the weak, because they are easier to manipulate. In fact, narcissists prefer to try and hook someone in who is strong-willed, and who has talents or characteristics they admire. That way, they feel more accomplished if they succeed in tearing them down.
Shannon Thomas, the author of the book “Healing from Hidden Abuse,” told Business Insider that whatever strength a narcissist zeros in on, “they turn that around and destroy it.”
Narcissists are all around us, in fact, I’d like to think that we come across quite a few in our lives. The narcissist in your life might be in the form of a particularly overconfident self-absorbed boss who keeps letting people down. You might even come across a very narcissistic peer who likes to think that he or she is just the bomb and maybe you’ve had the bad luck of having a particularly narcissistic romantic partner. The simple truth is that people like this are all around us and they have a bad habit of coming back to haunt us!
When it comes to determining whether someone you know is a narcissist, most people make it more complicated than it needs to be. I use the duck test—that is, if it looks like a duck and quacks like a duck, it probably is a duck. There are no physical blood tests, MRIs, or exact determinations that can identify narcissism. Even therapists have to go on their observations of the behavior, attitudes, and reactions that a person presents to determine narcissism.
What makes it simple is the fact that we know exactly what a narcissist looks like. Below, I’ve listed all the symptoms and behaviors you should look for. Keep in mind that not all of these have to be present to make a determination of narcissism. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, which therapists use as a guide, a person needs to exhibit only 55 percent of the identified characteristics to be considered narcissistic. The list I’ve made here is descriptive, so you can get a more in-depth picture of a narcissist’s common behaviors.
Ever since I started an online community and a foundation for treatment-resistant depression — depression and anxiety that don’t respond to psychotropic medications — I’ve been inundated with mail from desperate people who have tried 30 to 40 different kinds of antidepressants, and feel no relief. I repeatedly hear from family members of folks who have tried everything, and are not getting better. I sense the utter frustration and despair in their words, and it pains me. I, too, felt hopeless after trying countless medication combinations and sitting through years of psychotherapy sessions, only to continue my death obsessions.
I wish I could respond to each person individually — spend an hour on the phone with them, begging them not to give up because they won’t always feel this way. Unfortunately, I can’t (step six). So the next best thing is to outline these nine basic steps for people who are treatment-resistant, because these actions, more than any medication I have tried in the last seven years, have helped me emerge from the other side of depression. I’m not anti-medication by any means. Drugs serve an important purpose. But with so many people not responding, or only partially responding (myself included), I felt compelled to list the other parts of my recovery that have been critical to my wellness — things that most doctors don’t discuss. These steps didn’t fix me for good: I still have a lot of work ahead of me, and I have plenty of bad days. But now I’ve been one year without the constant death thoughts that stalked me for a good five years. And that is truly miraculous to me.
According to the author of Dr. Jonathan Wright, author of Why Stomach Acid is Good For You, more that 90% of Americans have inadequate levels of stomach acid. This condition is called hypochlorhydria.
Low stomach acid leads to a cascade of digestive problems further south in the digestion process, such as bloating, gas and constipation.
Why is it so important to heal low stomach acid? Let’s start with the all-to-common consequences of low stomach acid.
Many parents are becoming more aware of the prevalence of sensory processing disorders. So if your kid is extremely upset by slight environmental changes, such as the noise of silverware being placed in a drawer, then you may wonder if it’s an appropriate time to check in with the physician. After all, spotting the early signs of sensory processing disorder can help your kid get an appropriate diagnosis and treatment as soon as possible.
According to WebMD, a sensory processing disorder is a condition that makes it difficult for a person’s brain to receive sensory information. In some cases, people are overly sensitive to stimuli, so much so that minor background noise feels deafening. On the other hand, some people are under-sensitive to sensory stimuli, making it tricky to, say, accurately gauge the temperature outside and dress appropriately.
Alzheimer’s disease and other common forms of dementia including vascular dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies, and frontotemporal dementia are progressive conditions, with symptoms worsening over time as the disease progresses. Learn more about the stages of dementia and what to expect from your loved one as dementia progresses.
Although the two terms are often used interchangeably, Alzheimer’s disease and dementia are two different terms. Dementia is an umbrella term used to describe several conditions and it includes Alzheimer’s, as well as other conditions with shared symptoms. More than mere forgetfulness, an individual must have trouble with at least two of the following cognitive areas to be diagnosed with dementia:
- Communication and speech
- Focus and concentration
- Reasoning and judgment
- Visual perception (including trouble detecting movement, differentiating colors, or experiencing hallucinations)