Diabetes: Study proposes five types, not two

Adults with diabetes could benefit from better treatment if the condition was categorized into five types, rather than just two. This is the conclusion of a new study published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

The research was led by Prof. Leif Groop, of the Lund University Diabetes Centre in Sweden and the Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland in Helsinki.

In the United States alone, around 30.3 million people are living with diabetes.

Excluding gestational diabetes — diabetes that develops during pregnancy — there are two main types: type 1 and type 2.

In type 1 diabetes, the beta cells of the pancreas — which produce insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar levels — are mistakingly attacked and destroyed by the immune system.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form, accounting for around 90–95 percent of all cases. This occurs when the body’s cells stop responding to insulin, or the beta cells are unable to produce sufficient amounts of the hormone.

In both forms of the condition, blood sugar levels can become too high — a condition known as hyperglycemia. Unless controlled, this can lead to a number of complications, including kidney disease, cardiovascular disease, and nerve damage.

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How Does Diabetes Affect the Digestive System?

If you’ve recently been diagnosed with diabetes or have been living with the disease for a while, you’re more than likely familiar with possible complications, like kidney disease, vision loss, and even amputations. But it’s important to note that poorly controlled type 2 diabetes can also affect other parts of your body, including your digestive system, and that the longer you’ve lived with diabetes, the more likely it may be that you could experience these types of problems.

In fact, some research suggests 75 percent of people visiting diabetes clinics report having significant gastrointestinal symptoms.

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Can Eating Too Much Sugar Cause Type 2 Diabetes?

Could eating sugar lead to insulin resistance? Learn more about the link between diet and diabetes, as well as whether sugar might be one of the causes of diabetes.

Because type 2 diabetes is linked to high levels of sugar in the blood, it may seem logical to assume that eating too much sugar is the cause of the disease. But of course, it’s not that simple. “This has been around for years, this idea that eating too much sugar causes diabetes — but the truth is, type 2 diabetes is a multifactorial disease with many different types of causes,” says Lynn Grieger, RDN, CDE, a nutrition coach in Prescott, Arizona, and a medical reviewer for Everyday Health. “Type 2 diabetes is really complex.”

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Top 21 Superfoods for Diabetics

When searching for the best superfoods for diabetics, the most important types of foods are the ones that keep blood sugar down and/or level.

That usually means a lot of whole foods.


Because whole foods contain fiber! Fiber helps to prevent high spikes in insulin from simple carbs that throw blood sugar out of whack.

These foods also have the awesome sources of nutrition diabetics need and will help regulate blood sugar.

Also, each year, 11,000 people are seeing their type II diabetes reversed.  This leaves lots of doctors scratching their heads.

The best medicine is prevention!

Eat these foods whether you have diabetes, are in danger of it, or just are looking for better health in general!

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