Crohns: Emergency Flare-Up Guide

Flare-ups are a sudden reactivation of symptoms for people living with Crohn’s disease. A flare-up can cause active inflammation anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract with:

  • mouth sores
  • abdominal cramps
  • nausea
  • diarrhea
  • rectal pain
  • joint pain
  • rashes

Some possible causes of flares may include:

  • smoking tobacco
  • pollution
  • disruptions or changes in medication
  • chronic stress
  • nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • antibiotics

However, it’s important to note that research is often inconsistent on the precise cause of Crohn’s disease flares. Crohn’s is a complex condition, and scientists don’t fully understand it. Research is ongoing on how to predict flares. Multiple factors have been shown to play a role in the disease, including:

  • genetics
  • healthy intestinal bacteria
  • immune system health
  • To help prevent flare-ups, you should take the medications recommended by your doctor regularly and as directed. You should also work with your doctor to create a treatment plan for flare-ups. Research suggests that treatment is most effective when focused on the specific symptoms and severity of the flare-up.

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